Mid-Term Review XIX Century

Literature Review Guide
(Questions on the exam will be based on the following subjects; these questions are a guide only)

  1. Who were Pushkin’s ancestors?
  2. What was Pushkin’s education like?
  3. What was Pushkin’s occupation outside of writing?
  4. How did Pushkin die?
  5. What did Pushkin write primarily?
  6. How is he perceived in Russian culture/history of literature?
  7. What was his inspiration for a lot of his poetry?
  8. Who was the source of his inspiration?
  9. What is Evgenii Onegin?
  10. Were any of Pushkin’s works adapted – if so to what media and which works?
  11. What is the structure of the Belkin Tales?
  12. Who was Belkin?
  13. What is the unifying stylistic device in the Belkin Tales?
  14. What are the individual literary styles or genres Pushkin imitates or parodies or spoofs in the Belkin Tales?
  15. What literary types of characters do the heroes of the Tales represent?
  16. Were the Tales an immediate success for Pushkin? Why?
  17. What was Lermontov’s childhood like?
  18. What was he, besides a writer?
  19. Where was he stationed?
  20. Who raised him?
  21. What Western authors/poets influenced both Pushkin and Lermontov?
  22. What does the Caucasus represent in Russian literature?
  23. Who are the Cossacks and what do they represent in Russian literature?
  24. What did Lermontov write primarily?
  25. How did he die?
  26. Explain the title of the book we read?
  27. Where does the action of A Hero of Our Time take place?
  28. Why does Pechorin abandon Bela?
  29. How does Pechorin achieve his goals?
  30. Why does Pechorin pursue Bela and Mary?
  31. Where was Gogol from?
  32. What is his family background?
  33. Where did he live for many years?
  34. What other famous writers did he meet?
  35. Where does the action in the Dikanka stories take place?
  36. What folk tradition inspired the world of the Dikanka stories?
  37. Who is Rudy Panko and what is his role?
  38. What is his purpose in the collection?
  39. What is the nature of the devil in the Dikanka stories?
  40. What is Gogol’s view of the devil and of evil?
  41. Did Gogol believe in the God and the devil?
  42. Why is the devil out playing tricks on Christmas Eve?
  43. Why are most men in the village trickable while the blacksmith Vakula is not?
  44. How does Vakula make the devil do his bidding?
  45. What is special about the locations of the Dikanka stories?
  46. What ethnicities are present at the Fair at Sorochintsy?
  47. What aspects does (maybe) the devil take at the Fair at Sorochintsy?
  48. What does the devil take advantage of in his dealings with men?
  49. What is “laughter through tears”?
  50. How does Gogol create the grotesque in his stories?
  51. How does he depict women?
  52. What style/genre is A Terrible Vengeance?
  53. What forces the Sorcerer to show his true nature?
  54. How does the main character eventually win at cards in The Lost Letter?